Neurological outcome after emergency radiotherapy in MSCC of patients with non-small cell lung cancer - a prospective trial

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this trial was to investigate neurological outcome after emergency RT in MSCC of NSCLC patients with acute neurological deficit.Methods: This pilot trial was prospective, non-randomized, and monocentre, ten patients were treated from July 2012 until June 2013. After onset of neurological symptoms RT was started within 12 hours. The neurological outcome was assessed at baseline, and six weeks after RT using the ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS).Results: The results showed an improved neurological outcome in one patient (10%), one patient (10%) had a decreased, and five patients (50%) a constant outcome after six weeks. Three patients (30%) died within the first six weeks following RT, additional 4 patients (40%) died within 4 month due to tumor progression.Conclusion: In this group of NSCLC patients we were able to show that emergency RT in MSCC with acute neurological deficit had no considerable benefit in neurological outcome. Therefore, short-course regime or best supportive care due to poor survival should be considered for these patients with additional distant metastases. Patients with favorable prognosis may be candidates for long-course RT.Trial Registration: Clinical trial identifier NCT 02000518. © 2013 Rief et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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Rief, H., Heinhold, R. C., Petersen, L. C., Rieken, S., Bruckner, T., Moghaddam-Alvandi, A., … Sterzing, F. (2013). Neurological outcome after emergency radiotherapy in MSCC of patients with non-small cell lung cancer - a prospective trial. Radiation Oncology, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-717X-8-297

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