The new temperature-sensitive mutation PA-F35S for developing recombinant avian live attenuated H5N1 influenza vaccine

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Abstract

Background: H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) is continuously circulating in many Asian countries and threatening poultry industry and human population. Vaccination is the best strategy to control H5N1 HPAIV infection in poultry and transmission to human population. The aim of this study is to identify new temperature-sensitive (ts) mutations for developing recombinant avian live attenuated H5N1 influenza vaccine. Findings: A "6+2" recombinant virus C4/W1 that contained NA gene and modified HA gene from virus A/chicken/ Hubei/327/2004 (H5N1) (C4), and six internal genes from virus A/duck/Hubei/W1/2004 (H9N2) (W1) was generated using reverse genetics and subsequently passaged in chicken eggs at progressively lower temperatures (32°C, 28°C and 25°C). The resulting virus acquired ts phenotype and one of its amino acid mutations, PA (F35S), was identified as ts mutation. Furthermore, when used as live attenuated vaccine, the recombinant virus with this ts mutation PA (F35S) provided efficient protection for chickens against H5N1 HPAIV infection. Conclusions: These findings highlight the potential of the new ts mutation PA (F35S) in developing recombinant avian live attenuated H5N1 influenza vaccine. © 2012 Zhang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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Zhang, W., Tu, J., Zhao, Z., Chen, H., & Jin, M. (2012). The new temperature-sensitive mutation PA-F35S for developing recombinant avian live attenuated H5N1 influenza vaccine. Virology Journal, 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-422X-9-97

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