A novel homozygous KY variant causing a complex neurological disorder

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Abstract

Mutations in the gene kyphoscoliosis peptidase (KY) are known to cause myofibrillar myopathy-7 and hereditary spastic paraplegia. We investigated the genetic cause of a complex neurological phenotype in a consanguineous Pakistani family with four affected members, manifesting lower limb spasticity and weakness, toe walking, pes equinovarus, and a speech disorder. Genome-wide linkage analysis with microsatellite markers delineated chromosome 3q22.2-q24 harboring the disease gene. Whole exome sequencing was performed for two subjects, identifying a homozygous 14-bp frameshift deletion NM_178554.6:c.842_855del; p(Val281GlyfsTer18) in KY. The variant segregated with the phenotype and was absent from public databases and 100 ethnically matched controls. We confirm a novel homozygous KY variant causing a complex neurological phenotype in this family. A review of previously reported KY variants suggests that variants in this gene can cause a spectrum of neurological phenotypes.

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Arif, B., Rasheed, A., Kumar, K. R., Fatima, A., Abbas, G., Wohler, E., … Naz, S. (2020). A novel homozygous KY variant causing a complex neurological disorder. European Journal of Medical Genetics, 63(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2020.104031

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