Myotonic dystrophy is the most common inherited muscular dystrophy in adults and presents as two forms, type 1, and type 2. Ocular manifestations such as premature cataract formation, may be the first diagnostic sign or symptom of the disease, offering ophthalmologists a unique diagnostic role. Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy, ptosis and ocular melanoma are other possible findings. Systemic features can help providers better understand the disease and any accommodations to be made in clinical or surgical settings. Some patients with this disease may request evaluation of certain cataract or corneal refractive procedures. This article focuses on pertinent information for clinicians to utilize when evaluating and treating patients with myotonic dystrophy and specific surgical perspectives to consider prior to any ocular interventions. Hydrophobic intraocular lenses are still recommended in these patients with careful observation of capsular phimosis and posterior capsular opacities.
Moshirfar, M., Webster, C. R., Seitz, T. S., Ronquillo, Y. C., & Hoopes, P. C. (2022). Ocular Features and Clinical Approach to Cataract and Corneal Refractive Surgery in Patients with Myotonic Dystrophy. Clinical Ophthalmology, 16, 2837–2842. https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S372633