How to calculate left ventricular mass in routine practice? An echocardiographic versus cardiac magnetic resonance study

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Abstract

Background: An accurate assessment of left ventricular (LV) mass is important for the detection of LV hypertrophy. Aims: To assess the accuracy of four echocardiographic imaging modalities for assessing LV mass compared with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods: We prospectively studied 40 consecutive patients, who underwent an echocardiographic examination using four imaging modalities (M-mode fundamental imaging [FI], M-mode harmonic imaging [HI], two-dimensional [2D] FI and 2D HI) and CMR (our gold standard for LV mass measurement). All echocardiographic measurements were performed by two independent observers. Results: All echocardiographic modes significantly overestimated LV mass compared with CMR (P ≤ 0.04), except 2D FI (P = 0.25). This overestimation was significantly higher with HI (up to 15.5%) compared with FI (up to 5.7%; P ≤ 0.04). Significant correlations were observed between the different echocardiographic methods and the two observers. The interobserver agreement over LV mass measurement was lower with FI (intraclass coefficient [ICC] range, 0.66-0.73) than with HI (ICC range, 0.72-0.82), and the best agreement was obtained with 2D HI (ICC, 0.82). Good agreement between CMR and all echocardiographic methods was observed among the smallest LV diameters (ICC range, 0.62-0.85), but not among the largest LV diameters (ICC range, 0-0.22). Conclusions: HI overestimates LV mass compared with FI and CMR; this leads to overestimation of prevalence of LV hypertrophy in a population of hypertensive patients. HI improves interobserver reproducibility of LV mass measurement compared with FI, leading to a significant decrease in the number of patients required for clinical trials evaluating LV mass regression. Accuracy of LV mass measurement by echocardiography is affected by LV geometry. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS.

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Perdrix, L., Mansencal, N., Cocheteux, B., Chatellier, G., Bissery, A., Diebold, B., … Abergel, E. (2011). How to calculate left ventricular mass in routine practice? An echocardiographic versus cardiac magnetic resonance study. Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 104(5), 343–351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2011.04.003

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