Given the reduced ability of people with dementia to self-report pain, this study examined the feasibility of using a portable electroencephalography (EEG) headband (MUSE 2) as a pain measurement tool for long-term care residents with dementia. Ten minutes of resting-state EEG was acquired by MUSE 2 from people with dementia experiencing ongoing pain (n = 3) and without current pain (n = 1) over three days. The MUSE 2 was acceptable and feasible for use in people with dementia while challenges regarding software, data collection and analysis in using this device are reported. Compared to the resident not experiencing pain, EEG signals of residents with ongoing pain showed different EEG patterns, and this could be a potential biomarker to support pain measurement in people with dementia. Further research with larger sample size is warranted to verify study results.
Pu, L., Lion, K. M., Todorovic, M., & Moyle, W. (2021). Portable EEG monitoring for older adults with dementia and chronic pain - A feasibility study. Geriatric Nursing, 42(1), 124–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2020.12.008