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Background: Bladder pain syndrome (BPS), a condition with no gold standard diagnosis, comprises of a cluster of signs and symptoms. Bladder filling pain and bladder wall tenderness are two basic clinical features, present in a high number of sufferers. This study will validate the performance of these simple tests for BPS in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP). Methods/design. We will conduct a prospective test validation study amongst women with unexplained CPP presenting to gynaecology outpatient clinics. Two index tests will be performed: patient reported bladder filling pain and bladder wall tenderness on internal pelvic bimanual examination. A final diagnosis of BPS will be made by expert consensus panel. We will assess the rates of index tests in women with CPP; evaluate the correlation between index tests and Pelvic Pain Urgency/ Frequency (PUF) questionnaire results; and determine index test sensitivity and specificity using a range of analytical methods. Assuming a 50% prevalence of BPS and an 80% power approximately 152 subjects will be required exclude sensitivity of < 55% at 70% sensitivity. Discussion. The results of this test validation study will be used to identify whether a certain combination of signs and symptoms can accurately diagnose BPS. Trial registration. ISRCTN13028601. © 2013 Tirlapur et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Tirlapur, S. A., Priest, L., Wojdyla, D., & Khan, K. S. (2013). Bladder pain syndrome: Validation of simple tests for diagnosis in women with chronic pelvic pain: BRaVADO study protocol. Reproductive Health, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4755-10-61