Background: We sought to evaluate the prognostic performance of the CHADS2 score for prediction of ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) in subjects with coronary heart disease (CHD) without atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: In 916 nonanticoagulated outpatients with stable CHD and no AF by baseline electrocardiogram, we calculated CHADS2 scores (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes [1 point each], and prior stroke or TIA [2 points]). The primary outcome was time to ischemic stroke or TIA over a mean follow-up of 6.4 ± 2.3 years. Results: Over 5,821 person-years of follow-up, 40 subjects had an ischemic stroke/TIA (rate 0.69/100 person-years, 95% CI 0.50-0.94). Compared with subjects with low (0-1) CHADS2 scores, those with intermediate (2-3) and high (4-6) CHADS2 scores had an increased rate of stroke/TIA, even after adjustment for age, tobacco, antiplatelet therapy, statins, and angiotensin inhibitors (CHADS2 score 2-3: HR 2.4, 95% CI 1.1-5.3, P =.03; CHADS2 score 4-6: HR 4.0, 95% CI 1.5-10.6, P =.006). Model discrimination (c-statistic = 0.65) was comparable with CHADS2 model fit in published AF-only cohorts. Conclusions: The CHADS2 score predicts ischemic stroke/TIA in subjects with stable CHD and no baseline AF. The event rate in non-AF subjects with high CHADS2 scores (5-6) was comparable with published rates in AF patients with moderate CHADS2 scores (1-2), a population known to derive benefit from stroke prevention therapies. These findings should inform efforts to determine whether stroke prevention therapies or screening for silent AF may benefit subjects with stable CHD and high CHADS2 scores. © 2011 Mosby, Inc.
Welles, C. C., Whooley, M. A., Na, B., Ganz, P., Schiller, N. B., & Turakhia, M. P. (2011). The CHADS2 score predicts ischemic stroke in the absence of atrial fibrillation among subjects with coronary heart disease: Data from the Heart and Soul Study. American Heart Journal, 162(3), 555–561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2011.05.023