Thermoelectric materials which can generate electricity from heat-waste ambient sources could play an important role to unleash the next shift in ultra-low power portable electronic applications. Thermal Energy (TE) harvesting can be characterized using Seebeck coefficient which is greatly dependent on the materials properties. In this paper, a prototype of a graphene based thermoelectric generator (TEG) is being fabricated using a facile and cost effective fabrication process. Further, Seebeck coefficient and surface resistance responses are experimentally measured for a varying number of graphene layers ranging mostly from 50 to 1000 layers. The results show that a Seebeck coefficient with an average of 90 μV/K is generated. In addition, the surface resistance is 10.3 and 0.03 kΩ/cm at the 50 and 1000 layers, respectively. As such, if graphene films are closely stacked together, they could potentially be used to generate enough power for running small ultra-low power operations with minimum cost in a wide variety of applications for both research and industry.
Mahmoud, L., Alhwarai, M., Samad, Y. A., Mohammad, B., Laio, K., & Elnaggar, I. (2015). Characterization of a Graphene-Based Thermoelectric Generator Using a Cost-Effective Fabrication Process. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 75, pp. 615–620). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.466