The content of these European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines has been published for personal and educational use only. No commercial use is authorized. No part of the ESC Guidelines may be translated or reproduced in any form without written permission from the ESC. Permission can be obtained upon submission of a written request to Oxford University Press, the publisher of the European Heart Journal and the party authorized to handle such permissions on behalf of the ESC. Other ESC entities having participated in the development of this document: ESC Associations: Acute Cardiovascular Care Association (ACCA); European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR); European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI); European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI); European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA); Heart Failure Association (HFA). ESC Councils: Council for Cardiology Practice (CCP); Council on Cardiovascular Primary Care (CCPC). ESC Working Groups: Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Drug Therapy; Cardiovascular Surgery; Hypertension and the Heart; Nuclear Cardiology and Cardiac Computed Tomography; Thrombosis; Valvular Heart Disease. Disclaimer. The ESC Guidelines represent the views of the ESC and were produced after careful consideration of the scientific and medical knowledge and the evidence available at the time of their dating. The ESC is not responsible in the event of any contradiction, discrepancy and/or ambiguity between the ESC Guidelines and any other official recommendations or guidelines issued by the relevant public health authorities, in particular in relation to good use of healthcare or therapeutic strategies. Health professionals are encouraged to take the ESC Guidelines fully into account when exercising their clinical judgment as well as in the determination and the implementation of preventive, diagnostic or therapeutic medical strategies; however, the ESC Guidelines do not override, in any way whatsoever, the individual responsibility of health professionals to make appropriate and accurate decisions in consideration of the condition of each patient's health and in consultation with that patient and, where appropriate and/or necessary, the patient's caregiver. Nor do the ESC Guidelines exempt health professionals from taking full and careful consideration of the relevant official updated recommendations or guidelines issued by competent public health authorities in order to manage each patient's case in the light of the scientifically accepted data pursuant to their respective ethical and professional obligations. It is also the health professional's responsibility to verify the applicable rules and regulations relating to drugs and medical devices at the time of prescription.
Román, J. A. S. (2014). Comments on the 2014 ESC/ESA guidelines on noncardiac surgery: Cardiovascular assessment and management. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia, 67(12), 980–985. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2014.10.009