Background: Co-infection with HIV and HCV and/or HBV is highly prevalent in intravenous drug users (IDUs). Because of the proximity to the "Golden Triangle", HIV prevalence among the IDUs is very high in the China-Myanmar border region. However, there are few studies about co-infection with HIV and HCV and/or HBV, especially in the region that belongs to Myanmar. Methods: 721 IDUs, including 403 Chinese and 318 Burmese, were investigated for their HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) serological status. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the differences of the epidemic situation between the Chinese IDUs and the Burmese IDUs. Results: Among the Chinese IDUs and the Burmese IDUs, HCV infection was the most prevalent (69.0% vs 48.1%, P < 0.001), followed by HBV (51.6% vs 43.1%, P < 0.05) and HIV (33.7% vs 27.0%, P > 0.05). Besides, there were more HIV-HBV co-infected IDUs (20.1% vs 11.3%, P < 0.005), and HIV-HCV co-infected IDUs (31.8% vs 23.9%, P < 0.05) in China than in Myanmar, as well as HIV-HBV-HCV triple infection (19.1% vs 10.4%, P < 0.005). Conclusion: Co-infection with HIV and HCV and/or HBV is highly prevalent among the IDUs in the China-Myanmar border region. The HIV epidemic appears to be in a downward trend, compared with previous reports. However, all infections were more prevalent among the Chinese IDUs than among the Burmese. © 2011 Zhou et al.
Zhou, Y. H., Liu, F. L., Yao, Z. H., Duo, L., Li, H., Sun, Y., & Zheng, Y. T. (2011). Comparison of HIV-, HBV-, HCV- and Co-infection prevalence between Chinese and Burmese intravenous drug users of the China-Myanmar border region. PLoS ONE, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016349