Land reform has traditionally had two objectives: equity and productivity. Food insecurity and the need for agriculture to contribute to development emphasise the need to maintain and improve productivity while improving equitability. Land must foster production and agriculture must attract good human material. The following areas need to be considered in policy formulation and delivery: an effective institutional framework involving all the relevant public and private bodies; efficient fiscal planning is essential; potentially successful farmers must be selected and given special support, including extension and adult education; complementary services and infrastructure are needed; prioritisation of functions and land tenure reform is often necessary. In addition, international agricultural markets are very important for Africa. Wealthy nations should cease trade-distorting protection of their own farmers.
Groenewald, J. (2017). Conditions for successful land reform in Africa. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 7(4), 673–682. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v7i4.1298