We studied the pollination biology of Canna paniculata (Cannaceae), a plant species common in the Atlantic Rainforest of southeastern Brazil. The species presents specialized ornithophilous flowers, which in our study area are solely pollinated by the hermit hummingbird Phaethornis eurynome. Although C. paniculata is capable of bearing fruit after self-pollination, it requires pollinators for reproduction. We discuss the importance of hermit hummingbirds for the reproduction of specialized ornithophilous plants such as C. paniculata, including their asymmetric dependence on hermit hummingbirds - core pollinators in Neotropical forest ecosystems.
Maruyama, P. K., Vizentin-Bugoni, J., Dalsgaard, B., & Sazima, M. (2015). Pollination and breeding system of Canna paniculata (Cannaceae) in a montane Atlantic Rainforest: Asymmetric dependence on a hermit hummingbird. Acta Botanica Brasilica, 29(1), 157–160. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062014abb3590
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