Detection of traffic congestion and marine border intrusion using vehicular ad-hoc networks

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The Vehicular Ad-hoc network, or VANET, is for sharing of emergency and safety information among vehicles to ensure safe travelling of users in road. It is the technology that considers moving cars as nodes to create a mobile network. VANET turns every participating car into wireless router or node, allowing cars to establish communication. Vehicles can communicate within themselves (V2V) and also with the road side units (V2I). Vehicles communicating with other vehicles are likely to enhance the driving experience, awareness, situation perception and thus safety. In response to the problem of drastically increasing road accidents and climatic disasters like smoke, fog etc., we have designed and tested in various traffic scenarios of Kathipara(area in Chennai Tamilnadu), T.Nagar(area in Chennai, Tamilnadu), highway and a village. Each scenario is very different from each other; like Kathipara having moderate real time traffic, T.Nagar having extensive dense traffic, highways with irregular traffic and villages which having very few vehicles for most time. We designed the placement of RSUs(Road Side Units) in each scenario and we analyzed the delay and packet delivery ratios(PDR) in each scenario. These results would guarantee the use of VANET in real time. Yet another traffic scenario we have considered is what happens in marine environment. Unintentional International border crossing by fishermen and hardships encountered by fishermen due to extreme weather conditions are the motivation behind our conceptualizing a network for communication among boats which can be called a BANET (Boat Adhoc Vehicular Network).

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Raja Kumar, R., Pandian, R., Indumathi, P., & Shoaib, S. M. (2019). Detection of traffic congestion and marine border intrusion using vehicular ad-hoc networks. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8(10), 818–825.

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