Is dry eye disease the same in young and old patients? A narrative review of the literature

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Abstract

Advanced age is one of the most evident risk factors for dry eye disease (DED), with male/female sex, chronic drug consumption, and prolonged device use. This article aims to review the literature about the changes of the ocular surface associated with DED in the elderly and patients < 40 years. The pathophysiologic changes of the ocular surface responsible for eye dryness are linked with inflammation and neurosensory abnormalities and may occur with a different feature in young patients compared with elders. Peculiar treatment strategies may be needed for young and older subjects with DED.

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Barabino, S. (2022, December 1). Is dry eye disease the same in young and old patients? A narrative review of the literature. BMC Ophthalmology. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-022-02269-2

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