Research about decoding neurophysiological signals mainly aims to elucidate the details of human motion control from the perspective of neural activity. We performed brain connectivity analysis with EEG to propose a brain functional network (BFN) and used a feature extraction algorithm for decoding the voluntary hand movement of a subject. By analyzing the characteristic parameters obtained from the BFN, we extracted the most important electrode nodes and frequencies for identifying the direction of movement of a hand. The results demonstrated that the most sensitive EEG components were for frequencies delta, theta, and gamma1 from electrodes F4, F8, C3, Cz, C4, CP4, T3, and T4. Finally, we proposed a model for decoding voluntary movement of the right hand by using a hierarchical linear model (HLM). Through a voluntary hand movement experiment in a spiral trajectory, the Poisson coefficient between the measurement trajectory and the decoding trajectory was used as a test standard to compare the HLM with the traditional multiple linear regression model. It was found that the decoding model based on the HLM obtained superior results. This paper contributes a feature extraction method based on brain connectivity analysis that can mine more comprehensive feature information related to a specific mental state of a subject. The decoding model based on the HLM possesses a strong structure for data manipulation that facilitates precise decoding.
Li, T., Xue, T., Wang, B., & Zhang, J. (2018). Decoding voluntary movement of single hand based on analysis of brain connectivity by using EEG signals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00381