Introduction: Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) is an emerging food-borne pathogen that causes severe meningitis, sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates and infants. These infections have been reported from different parts of the world. The epidemiology and reservoir of Cronobacter spp. are still unknown, and most strains have been isolated from clinical specimens and from a variety of foods, including cheese, meat, milk, vegetables, grains, spices, and herbs. Methodology: Our study aimed to detect and isolate Cronobacter spp. from different Syrian samples of spices, medicinal herbs and liquorices, depending on the pigment production and biochemical profile of isolates and PCR technique. This PCR method, which provides a powerful tool for rapid, specific, and sensitive detection of Cronobacter spp., is considered a reliable alternative to traditional bacteriological methods. Results and conclusions: This study revealed that the percentage of Cronobacter spp. was 94%, 52%, and 32% in liquorice, spices and medicinal herbs, respectively. In addition, it assured that the optimal enhancing growth temperature was 44°C, and optimal enhancing growth pH was 5. © 2013 Belal et al.
M., B., A., A.-M., L., H., & I., H. (2013). Detection of Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) from medicinal plants and spices in Syria. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 7(2), 82–89. Retrieved from http://www.embase.com/search/results?subaction=viewrecord&from=export&id=L368381834 http://www.jidc.org/index.php/journal/article/view/2222/824 http://sfx.library.uu.nl/utrecht?sid=EMBASE&issn=20366590&id=doi:&atitle=Detection+of+Cronobacter+spp.+%28forme