Morphometry of fruits and seeds is a useful and important information for phenotyping and genetic characterization of crop plant species and, for conservation of endangered species, as is the case of Butia purpurascens Glassman. In this study, we determined comparatively the morphometric features of fruits and pyrenes between yellow and magenta B. purpurascens morphotypes, located in four different sites (populations). We processed 1380 fruits collected from 69 individuals. We evaluated the length, width and weight of the fruits and pyrenes, the fresh and dry pulp mass, and percentage of pulp moisture. Yellow morph showed larger and heavier fruits than magenta morph. Morphometric differences were also evident among the four populations, suggesting that ecosystems fragmentation can cause deleterious genetic effects in B. purpurascens in long-term.
Rocha, J. D. L., Guilherme, F. A. G., Rocha, D. I., Pereira, K. D. A. R., Coelho, C. P., & De Souza, L. F. (2022). Morphometry of fruits and pyrenes in two morphotypes and populations of Butia purpurascens Glassman (Arecaceae). Ciencia Rural, 52(8). https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20210303
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