Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are identified by their ability to sustain prolonged blood cell production invivo, although recent evidence suggests that durable self-renewal (DSR) is shared by HSC subtypes with distinct self-perpetuating differentiation programs. Net expansions of DSR-HSCs occur invivo, but molecularly defined conditions that support similar responses invitro are lacking. We hypothesized that this might require a combination of factors that differentially promote HSC viability, proliferation, and self-renewal. We now demonstrate that HSC survival and maintenance of DSR potential are variably supported by different Steel factor (SF)-containing cocktails with similar HSC-mitogenic activities. In addition, stromal cells produce other factors, including nerve growth factor and collagen 1, that can antagonize the apoptosis of initially quiescent adult HSCs and, in combination with SF and interleukin-11, produce <15-fold net expansions of DSR-HSCs exvivo within 7days. These findings point to the molecular basis of HSC control and expansion. © 2014 The Authors.
Wohrer, S., Knapp, D. J. H. F., Copley, M. R., Benz, C., Kent, D. G., Rowe, K., … Eaves, C. J. (2014). Distinct Stromal Cell Factor Combinations Can Separately Control Hematopoietic Stem Cell Survival, Proliferation, and Self-Renewal. Cell Reports, 7(6), 1956–1967. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2014.05.014