In this paper, the distortion of simply supported girders with inner diaphragms subjected to concentrated eccentric loads is investigated using initial parameter method (IPM), in which the in-plane shear deformation of diaphragms is fully considered. A statically indeterminate structure was modeled with inner redundant forces, where the interactions between the girder and diaphragms were indicated by a distortional moment. Considering the compatibility condition between the girder and diaphragms, solutions for the distortional angle, warping displacements and stresses were derived and further simplified by establishing a matrix equation system. The validity of IPM was intensively verified by a finite element analysis and distortional experiments. Parametric studies were then performed to examine the effect of the diaphragm number on the distortional angle, warping displacements and stresses under various ratios of height to span of the girder and the diaphragm thicknesses. Besides, stabilities of the local web plate and mid-span diaphragm were analyzed based on IPM for box girders with symmetrical three inner diaphragms. Results show that the local web plate will buckle before overall yielding with the increment of the eccentric loads Pj, and the mid-span diaphragm is constantly stable in the whole deformation process. It shows that more attentions should be paid on the stability of the local web plate than overall yielding for girders subjected to eccentric loads.
Ren, Y., Cheng, W., Wang, Y., Chen, Q., & Wang, B. (2017). Distortional analysis of simply supported box girders with inner diaphragms considering shear deformation of diaphragms using initial parameter method. Engineering Structures, 145, 44–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.05.004