DNA fingerprinting, one of the great discoveries of the late 20th century, has revolutionized forensic investigations. This review briefly recapitulates 30 years of progress in forensic DNA analysis which helps to convict criminals, exonerate the wrongly accused, and identify victims of crime, disasters, and war. Current standard methods based on short tandem repeats (STRs) as well as lineage markers (Y chromosome, mitochondrial DNA) are covered and applications are illustrated by casework examples. Benefits and risks of expanding forensic DNA databases are discussed and we ask what the future holds for forensic DNA fingerprinting. © 2013 Roewer; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Roewer, L. (2013, November 18). DNA fingerprinting in forensics: Past, present, future. Investigative Genetics. https://doi.org/10.1186/2041-2223-4-22