A natural generalization of the classical online bin packing problem is the dynamic bin packing problem introduced by Coffman et al. (1983) . In this formulation, items arrive and depart and the objective is to minimize the maximal number of bins ever used over all times. We study the oriented multi-dimensional dynamic bin packing problem for two dimensions, three dimensions and multiple dimensions. Specifically, we consider dynamic packing of squares and rectangles into unit squares and dynamic packing of three-dimensional cubes and boxes into unit cubes. We also study dynamic d-dimensional hypercube and hyperbox packing. For dynamic d-dimensional box packing we define and analyze the algorithm NFDH for the offline problem and present a dynamic version. This algorithm was studied before for rectangle packing and for square packing and was generalized only for multi-dimensional cubes. We present upper and lower bounds for each of these cases. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Epstein, L., & Levy, M. (2010). Dynamic multi-dimensional bin packing. Journal of Discrete Algorithms, 8(4), 356–372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jda.2010.07.002