Background: Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a major threat for global tuberculosis control. The W-Beijing Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotype has been associated with drug resistance. Elucidation of the mechanisms underlying this epidemiological finding may have an important role in the control of MDR-TB. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fitness of drug-susceptible and MDR M. tuberculosis strains of the W-Beijing genotype compared with that of Non-W-Beijing strains. Methodology/Principal Findings: Fitness of M. tuberculosis strains was determined by evaluating the difference in the growth curves obtained in the MGIT960 automated system and assessing the competitive growth capacity between WBeijing and non-W-Beijing strains. The W-Beijing MDR strains had a significant longer lag phase duration compared to the other strains but did not present a significant fitness cost. When grown in competition they had an advantage only in medium containing 0.1% Tween 80. Conclusions/Significance: It was not possible to confirm a selective advantage of W-Beijing strains to grow, except for differences in their resistance to Tween 80. Further studies are needed to elucidate the putative advantage of W-Beijing strains compared to other genotypes. © 2010 von Groll et al.
von Groll, A., Martin, A., Stehr, M., Singh, M., Portaels, F., da Silva, P. E. A., & Palomino, J. C. (2010). Fitness of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains of the W-Beijing and Non-W-Beijing genotype. PLoS ONE, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010191