Dual mid-infrared wavelength Faraday rotation spectroscopy NOx sensor based on NdFeB ring magnet array

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Abstract

Faraday rotation spectroscopy (FRS) exploits the magneto-optical Faraday rotation effect to achieve highly sensitive detection of paramagnetic molecules. Most of the currently reported FRS sensors suffer from high power consumption, while enabling detection of only a single component. In this work, a novel dual mid-infrared wavelength FRS sensor is proposed that enables the simultaneous detection of two paramagnetic molecules (nitrogen oxides, NOx = NO + NO2) in a single absorption cell. A neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) ring magnet array was designed to replace the solenoid coil to provide a stable, power-free magnetic field. The magnetic induction line distribution characteristics around the permanent magnets were analyzed based on the finite element method. Two mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers were used to detect the strongest fundamental ν2 rotational-vibrational band of NO (1875.81 cm−1) and the ν3 fundamental band of NO2 (1613.25 cm−1), respectively. A dual-wavelength Herriott cell (DWHC) is coaxially combined with a NdFeB ring magnet array to amplify the interaction of the laser beam with paramagnetic NOx molecules in an axial magnetic field. This low-power FRS NOx sensor achieves minimum detection limits of 0.58 ppb and 0.95 ppb for NO2 and NO, respectively, over an optical length of 23.7 m.

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Cao, Y., Liu, K., Wang, R., Wang, G., Gao, X., & Chen, W. (2023). Dual mid-infrared wavelength Faraday rotation spectroscopy NOx sensor based on NdFeB ring magnet array. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 388. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2023.133805

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