Due to the effects of greenhouse gases, countries have implemented policies to slow down their emissions. Latin America stands out as one of the regions that have seen these effects accentuated, among them, the vulnerability of its electrical systems to periods of drought. The objective of this paper is to classify the group of these countries that contribute more or less to the emissions of these gases, in relation to their generation of electric power. The data used to carry out this classification are those reported by databases such as: Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE, by its initials in Spanish) and the World Bank, for the period from 2006 to 2013. The big data are analyzed using data mining techniques: Grouping and Association. The results show that they were organized in three (3) clusters. In the efficient one is Brazil, with an average of 289.66 tons/GWh emissions. In the clusters, considered inefficient, they have an average emissions of 462.15 and 1137.10 ton/GWh.
Sanchez, L., Vásquez, C., Viloria, A., & Cmeza-Estrada. (2018). Conglomerates of Latin American countries and public policies for the sustainable development of the electric power generation sector. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (Vol. 10943 LNCS, pp. 759–766). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93803-5_71