CD4 T helper cells play a central role in the control of infection by intracellular parasites. How efficiently pathogen-specific CD4 T cells detect infected cells in vivo is unclear. Here, we employed intravital two-photon imaging to examine the behavior of pathogen-specific CD4 T cells at the site of Leishmania major infection. While activated CD4 T cells enter the inflamed tissue irrespective of their antigen specificity, pathogen-specific T cells preferentially decelerated and accumulated in infected regions of the dermis. Antigen recognition by CD4 T cells was heterogeneous, involving both stable and dynamic contacts with infected phagocytes. However, not all infected cells induced arrest or deceleration of pathogen-specific T cells, and dense clusters of infected cells were poorly accessible to migrating T cells. Thus, disparities in the dynamics of T cell contacts with infected cells and local variation in T cell access to infected cells are important elements of the host-pathogen interplay. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Filipe-Santos, O., Pescher, P., Breart, B., Lippuner, C., Aebischer, T., Glaichenhaus, N., … Bousso, P. (2009). A Dynamic Map of Antigen Recognition by CD4 T Cells at the Site of Leishmania major Infection. Cell Host and Microbe, 6(1), 23–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2009.04.014