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Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Bicruciate-Stabilized or Posterior-Stabilized Knee Implants Provided Comparable Outcomes at 2 Years: A Prospective, Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial of Patient Outcomes

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Abstract

Background The bicruciate-stabilized (BCS) knee arthroplasty was developed to replicate normal knee kinematics. We examined the hypothesis that patients with osteoarthritis requiring total knee arthroplasty (TKA) will have better functional outcome and satisfaction with the BCS implant compared with an established posterior cruciate-stabilized implant. Methods This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial compared the clinical outcomes of a BCS implant against an established posterior cruciate-stabilized implant with 2-year follow-up. Of the patients awaiting primary knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis, 228 were randomized to receive either a posterior-stabilized or BCS implant. Primary outcomes were knee flexion and Oxford Knee Score. Secondary outcomes were rate of complications and adverse events (AEs). Tertiary outcomes included Knee Society Score, University of California, Los Angeles, activity score, Patella scores, EQ-5D, 6-minute walk time, and patient satisfaction. Results Complete data were recorded for 98 posterior-stabilized implants and 97 BCS implants. Twelve patients had bilateral knee implants. There was no difference between the groups for any of the measures at either 1 or 2 years. At 2 years, knee flexion was 119 ± 0.16 and 120 ± 1.21 degrees for the posterior-stabilized and BCS implants, respectively, (mean, standard error, P =.538) and Oxford Knee Scores were 40.4 ± 0.69 and 40.0 ± 0.67 (P =.828), respectively. There were similar device-related AEs and revisions in each group (AEs 18 vs 22; P =.732; revisions 3 vs 4; P =.618). Conclusion There was no evidence of clinical superiority of one implant over the other at 2 years.

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Scarvell, J. M., Perriman, D. M., Smith, P. N., Campbell, D. G., Bruce, W. J. M., & Nivbrant, B. (2017). Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Bicruciate-Stabilized or Posterior-Stabilized Knee Implants Provided Comparable Outcomes at 2 Years: A Prospective, Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial of Patient Outcomes. Journal of Arthroplasty, 32(11), 3356-3363.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2017.05.032

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