The article shows the trends of cybersecurity threats occurrence for web applications and the recommendations for security in organizations of Industry 4.0, based on reports study published by web security experts in the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP), NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), and MITRE (The MITRE Corporation). The article presents the diversity and variability of security threats for web applications. The area of research involves the threat categories established in cybersecurity reports, as well as recently published data collected from monitoring of cyber-threats over the changes during the past twenty years by OWASP and NIST, and MITRE. The research goal of the article is to analyse frequency of security threats for web applications based on OWASP data published in years 2003–2017, and to obtain answers to three main research questions on the dynamics of variability of specific security threats for web applications security in Industry 4.0. The article presents the role and tasks of the OWASP foundation as a key example of organization dealing with security of web applications, and other selected organizations of this type operating in the world, i.e. NIST and MITRE. The frequency of occurrence of web application threats in years 2003–2017 was compared according to data published in OWASP reports. The unique threat to security of web applications that occurred only once in the analysed period, and those that are repetitive at different time periods was determined, as well as the latest threats that emerged in 2017 by OWASP, and the recommendations for organizations of Industry 4.0 were described. In order to obtain answers to research questions, an in-depth literature analysis based on book sources as well as legal acts and reports published on the Internet was used, and analysis of source data from OWASP, NIST, and MITRE reports was carried out. The results were interpreted based on vulnerability reports analysis and the recommendations for security management in next wave of developing Industry 4.0 were proposed.
Sołtysik-Piorunkiewicz, A., & Krysiak, M. (2020). The Cyber Threats Analysis for Web Applications Security in Industry 4.0. In Studies in Computational Intelligence (Vol. 887, pp. 127–141). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-40417-8_8
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