Anthropologists study economic practices as integrated features of specific societies, comparatively, and as a set of historical, often diffusionary, patterns of thought, power, and organization for production, distribution, exchange, and consumption. Their foundational concerns have shifted from the description and interpretation of reciprocity and redistribution and the technological and social capacities for sustaining livelihood in small-scale and nonmarket societies to the analysis of the wide variety of articulations with and transitions of nonindustrial societies to participation in worldwide economic formations. Increasingly, economic anthropologists are studying phenomena of direct concern to other economists and social scientists, such as the internal activities of transnational corporations, global financial markets, and the sustainability of contemporary economic systems.
Applbaum, K. (2015). Economic Anthropology. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 12–20). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.12058-6