Effect of leukocyte depletion on endothelial cell activation and transendothelial migration of leukocytes during cardiopulmonary bypass

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Abstract

Background Although leukocyte depletion from systemic circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been studied, the effect of leukocyte depletion on the leukocyte-endothelial cascade remains poorly understood. So far, there has been no published work on the effects of leukocyte filters during cardiac operations from the viewpoint of endothelial activation and transendothelial neutrophil migration. Methods Thirty-two patients undergoing elective heart operations were randomly allocated to a leukocyte-depletion (LD) group or a control group. Blood samples were collected at seven time points: before sternotomy, at 30 minutes and at 60 minutes of CPB, at 5 minutes after coronary reperfusion, at the end of CPB, and at 2 hours and 24 hours after the cessation of CPB. The plasma concentrations of P-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), interleukin-8, and platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was determined by measurement of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in plasma. In addition, blood samples collected at intervals before and after operation were used for arterial blood gases. Results Our studies show significant increases of plasma levels of P-selectin, ICAM-1, interleukin-8, PECAM-1, and MDA during and after CPB in the control group. Interestingly, a significant decrease of plasma levels of P-selectin, ICAM-1, interleukin-8, PECAM-1, and MDA, and better preservation of lung function could be found in the LD group compared with the control group. Conclusions Our results demonstrate a rationale for using a leukocyte filter in patients undergoing cardiac surgery to attenuate the endothelial-mediated component of the CPB-induced inflammatory response by reducing endothelial activation and neutrophil transmigration. © 2004 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

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Chen, Y. F., Tsai, W. C., Lin, C. C., Tsai, L. Y., Lee, C. S., Huang, C. H., … Chen, M. L. (2004). Effect of leukocyte depletion on endothelial cell activation and transendothelial migration of leukocytes during cardiopulmonary bypass. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 78(2), 634–642. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2004.02.091

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