Although health education has proven to be cost-effective in slowing the spread of enterobiasis, assessments of the effectiveness of health education to reduce infectious diseases specifically in children are rare. To evaluate the effect of health education on knowledge, preventative practices, and the prevalence of enterobiasis, 319 children from 16 classes were divided into experimental and control groups. Data were collected from May 2012 to March 2013. A 40-minute in-class talk was given once in the experimental group. There were significant differences over the time in the mean scores for children's knowledge of Enterobius vermicularis infection in the intervention group compared to the control group (p<0.001). After the educational session, the score for knowledge about E. vermicularis infection increased from 60.2 +/- 2.32 to 92.7 +/- 1.19 in the experimental group; this gain was partially lost 3 months later, decreasing to 83.6 +/- 1.77 (p<0.001). Children's enterobiasis infection prevention practice scores also increased, from 3.23 +/- 0.27 to 3.73 +/- 0.25, 1 week after the educational session, a gain that was partially lost at 3 months, decreasing to 3.46 +/- 0.36 (p<0.001). The overall E. vermicularis egg detection rate was 4.4%; the rates for each school ranged from 0% to 12.9% at screening. The infection rate at 3 months after the treatment sharply decreased from 12.3% to 0.8% in the experimental group, compared to a decrease from 8.5% to 3.7% in the control group during the same period. We recommend that health education on enterobiasis be provided to children to increase their knowledge about enterobiasis and improve prevention practices.
Kim, D. H., & Yu, H. S. (2014). Effect of a one-off educational session about enterobiasis on knowledge, preventative practices, and infection rates among schoolchildren in South Korea. PLoS ONE, 9(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112149