Effect of Solvents on the Ultrasonic Velocity and Acoustic Parameters of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Solutions

  • Kulkarni S
  • Khadke U
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Abstract

Ultrasonic studies provide a wealth of information in understanding the molecular behavior and intermolecular interaction of polymer solvent mixtures. Attempts were made to measure ultrasonic velocity, density, and viscosity for the mixture of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) in acetone and dimethylformamide (DMF) of various stoichiometric ratios at 300 K using crystal controlled ultrasonic interferometer (Mittal make), pyknometer (specific gravity bottle), and Ostwald viscometer, respectively. The acoustic parameters adiabatic compressibility ( β ), intermolecular free path length ( Lf ), acoustic impedance ( Z ), relative association (RA), ultrasonic attenuation ( α/f2 ), and relaxation time ( τ ) have been estimated using experimental data with well-known techniques. The variation of these acoustic parameters is explained in terms of solute-solvent molecular interaction in a polymer solution.

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Kulkarni, S. S., & Khadke, U. V. (2016). Effect of Solvents on the Ultrasonic Velocity and Acoustic Parameters of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Solutions. Indian Journal of Materials Science, 2016, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/9582582

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