Efficiently visible-light driven photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of as(III) at low positive biasing using Pt/TiO2 nanotube electrode

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Abstract

© 2016 Qin et al. A constant current deposition method was selected to load highly dispersed Pt nanoparticles on TiO2nanotubes in this paper, to extend the excited spectrum range of TiO2-based photocatalysts to visible light. The morphology, elemental composition, and light absorption capability of as-obtained Pt/TiO2nanotubes electrodes were characterized by FE-SEM, energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS), and UV-vis spectrometer. The photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of As(III) using a Pt/TiO2nanotube arrays electrode under visible light (λ > 420 nm) irradiation were investigated in a divided anode/cathode electrolytic tank. Compared with pure TiO2which had no As(III) oxidation capacity under visible light, Pt/TiO2nanotubes exhibited excellent visible-light photocatalytic performance toward As(III), even at dark condition. In anodic cell, As(III) could be oxidized with high efficiency by photoelectrochemical process with only 1.2 V positive biasing. Experimental results showed that photoelectrocatalytic oxidation process of As(III) could be well described by pseudo-first-order kinetic model. Rate constants depended on initial concentration of As(III), applied bias potential and solution pH. At the same time, it was interesting to find that in cathode cell, As(III) was also continuously oxidized to As(V). Furthermore, high-arsenic groundwater sample (25 m underground) with 0.32 mg/L As(III) and 0.35 mg/L As(V), which was collected from Daying Village, Datong basin, Northern China, could totally transform to As(V) after 200 min under visible light in this system.

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Qin, Y., Li, Y., Tian, Z., Wu, Y., & Cui, Y. (2016). Efficiently visible-light driven photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of as(III) at low positive biasing using Pt/TiO2 nanotube electrode. Nanoscale Research Letters, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s11671-016-1248-5

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