© Yoshida et al. Background: Disease specific autoantibodies have been detected in the sera of patients with atherosclerosis-related diseases, such as cerebral infarction, cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we aimed to identify novel autoantibodies responsible for transient ischemic attack (TIA), a prodromal condition for cerebral infarction. Methods: To identify candidate antigens, we screened a human aortic endothelial cell cDNA library using sera from 20 patients with TIA. Serum antibody levels were measured using amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay-linked immunosorbent assay (AlphaLISA) in 2 independent patient/healthy donor (HD) cohorts (n = 192 and n = 906 in the second screening and validation cohort, respectively). Results: First screening identified 3 candidate antigens. Of these, programmed cell death 11 (PDCD11) was determined to be associated with stroke (p < 0.0001), as evidenced from the second screening using AlphaLISA. The validation cohort revealed significantly higher antibody levels against PDCD11 (PDCD11-Ab levels) in patients with TIA than in HDs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the predictive value of PDCD11-Ab levels for TIA [Odds ratio (OR): 2.44, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.33-4.57, p = 0.0039] was not inferior to other known risk factors for ischemic stroke, including age (OR: 4.97, 95% CI: 2.67-9.48, p < 0.0001); hypertension (OR: 3.21, 95% CI: 1.76-5.86, p = 0.0001); and diabetes (OR: 4.31, 95% CI: 1.74-11.2, p = 0.0015). Conclusion: Serum PDCD11-Ab level may serve as a potential biomarker for TIA.
Yoshida, Y., Wang, H., Hiwasa, T., Machida, T., Kobayashi, E., Mine, S., … Iwadate, Y. (2017). Elevation of autoantibody level against PDCD11 in patients with transient ischemic attack. Oncotarget, 9(10). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.23653