Objectives: This in vitro study evaluated the effects of nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HAp) toothpastes on remineralization of bovine enamel and dentine subsurface lesions. Methods: Specimens were demineralized, randomly divided into five groups, and exposed to an aqueous remineralizing solution for two and five weeks (37 °C). Brushing procedures were performed with the respective toothpaste/storage solution slurry twice daily (2 × 5 s; total contact time of the slurries 2 × 120 s/d): storage in remineralizing solution only (0); additional brushing with B (20 wt% zinc carbonate nano-hydroxyapatite, ZnCO3/n-HAp); BS (24 wt% ZnCO 3/n-HAp); E (0.14 wt% amine fluoride); or A (7 wt% pure n-HAp). Differences in mineral loss (ΔΔZ) before and after storage/treatment were microradiographically evaluated. Results: Dentine groups 0, B, BS, and A showed significantly higher ΔΔZ values compared to E (p < 0.05; ANOVA). Enamel ΔΔZ values of group A were significantly higher compared to group E (p < 0.05), whilst no significant differences of these groups could be observed compared to 0, B, and BS (p > 0.05). Conclusions: With the in vitro conditions chosen, toothpastes containing n-HAp revealed higher remineralizing effects compared to amine fluoride toothpastes with bovine dentine, and comparable trends were obtained for enamel. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Tschoppe, P., Zandim, D. L., Martus, P., & Kielbassa, A. M. (2011). Enamel and dentine remineralization by nano-hydroxyapatite toothpastes. Journal of Dentistry, 39(6), 430–437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2011.03.008