Endocrine Alterations Are the Main Determinants of Cardiac Remodelling in Restrictive Anorexia Nervosa

  • Carlomagno G
  • Mercurio V
  • Ruvolo A
  • et al.
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Abstract

Objective . Anorexia nervosa is a condition of reduced hemodynamic load, characterized by varying degrees of cardiac remodelling, only in part related to reduced body mass; the mechanism for such variability, as well as its clinical significance, remains unknown. Aim of the study was to assess the possible influence of a great number of clinical, biochemical, and endocrine factors on cardiovascular parameters in restrictive anorexia nervosa. Method . Twenty-five female patients hospitalized for restrictive anorexia nervosa underwent extensive cardiovascular, clinical, and biochemical evaluation. Results . Height-adjusted and cardiac workload-matched left ventricular mass was significantly related to several endocrine parameters, blood pressure, and vasoreactivity. On multivariate analysis, IGF/GH ratio and systolic blood pressure were the only independent predictors of height-adjusted ventricular mass (adj- ; ); when matching for cardiac workload, left ventricular mass was independently predicted only by GH and FT3 levels. All effects were independent of patient's weight and BMI. Conclusions . Indices of endocrine impairment seem to be the most relevant determinants of left ventricular hypotrophy in anorectic patients, apparently independent of reduced hemodynamic load and BMI. In particular, IGF/GH ratio and FT3 seem to particularly affect left ventricular mass in this population.

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Carlomagno, G., Mercurio, V., Ruvolo, A., Senatore, I., Halinskaya, I., Fazio, V., … Fazio, S. (2011). Endocrine Alterations Are the Main Determinants of Cardiac Remodelling in Restrictive Anorexia Nervosa. ISRN Endocrinology, 2011, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/171460

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