Objective: To study the angiogenic functions of endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF) on a normal myometrial uterine microvascular endothelial cell line (UtMVEC-Myo) and the signaling pathways elicited by EG-VEGF in UtMVEC-Myo. Design: Experimental laboratory study. Setting: University gynecology unit. Patient(s): Infertile women undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy for assessment of tubal patency. Intervention(s): Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of mRNA of EG-VEGF and its receptors, PKR1 and PKR2, in UtMVEC-Myo and endometrial samples. The effects of EG-VEGF on the cell proliferation, tube formation, and cell signaling pathways of UtMVEC-Myo were studied. Main Outcome Measure(s): Cell proliferation, tube formation, and molecules of cell-signaling pathways in the treated UtMVEC-Myo. Result(s): UtMVEC-Myo cells had PKR1 and PKR2 but not EG-VEGF mRNA. EG-VEGF significantly stimulated cell proliferation and tube formation in UtMVEC-Myo cells. EG-VEGF activated p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) but not Akt signaling pathway. The effects of EG-VEGF on p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation and cell proliferation were nullified by the specific MAPK inhibitor, PD98059. Conclusion(s): EG-VEGF has a direct angiogenic effect on UtMVEC-Myo that expresses EG-VEGF receptors (PKR1 and PKR2) and modulates cell proliferation and sprouting of the endothelial cells. It is suggested that EG-VEGF enhanced cell proliferation through the activation of MAPK pathway but not through the Akt pathway. © 2009 American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
Lee, Y. L., Chan, Y. L., Chow, W. N., Ng, E. H. Y., Lee, K. F., Yeung, W. S. B., & Ho, P. C. (2009). Endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor stimulates proliferation and tube formation in human uterine microvascular endothelial cell through the mitogen-activated protein kinase but not through the Akt pathway. Fertility and Sterility, 91(5 SUPPL.), 2163–2171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.03.076