Endothelial dysfunction and elevated blood pressure in Mas gene-deleted mice

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Abstract

Mas codes for a G protein-coupled receptor that is implicated in angiotensin-(1-7) signaling. We studied the cardiovascular phenotype of Mas-deficient mice backcrossed onto the FVB/N genetic background using telemetry and found that they exhibit higher blood pressures compared with controls. These Mas mice also had impaired endothelial function, decreased NO production, and lower endothelial NO synthase expression. Reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase catalytic subunit gp91 protein content determined by Western blotting was higher in Mas mice than in controls, whereas superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were reduced. The superoxide dismutase mimetic, Tempol, decreased blood pressure in Mas mice but had a minimal effect in control mice. Our results show a major cardiovascular phenotype in Mas mice. Mas-deletion results in increased blood pressure, endothelial dysfunction, and an imbalance between NO and reactive oxygen species. Our animals represent a promising model to study angiotensin-(1-7)-mediated cardiovascular effects and to evaluate Mas agonistic compounds as novel cardioprotective and antihypertensive agents based on their beneficial effects on endothelial function. © 2008 American Heart Association, Inc.

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Xu, P., Costa-Goncalves, A. C., Todiras, M., Rabelo, L. A., Sampaio, W. O., Moura, M. M., … Santos, R. A. S. (2008). Endothelial dysfunction and elevated blood pressure in Mas gene-deleted mice. In Hypertension (Vol. 51, pp. 574–580). https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.102764

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