Enhanced Fermion Pairing and Superfluidity by an Imaginary Magnetic Field

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We show that an imaginary magnetic field (IMF), which can be generated in non-Hermitian systems with spin-dependent dissipations, can greatly enhance the s-wave pairing and superfluidity of spin-1/2 fermions, in distinct contrast to the effect of a real magnetic field. The enhancement can be attributed to the increased coupling constant in low-energy space and the reduced spin gap in forming singlet pairs. We have demonstrated this effect in a number of different fermion systems with and without spin-orbit coupling, using both the two-body exact solution and many-body mean-field theory. Our results suggest an alternative route toward strong fermion superfluid with high superfluid transition temperature.




Zhou, L., & Cui, X. (2019). Enhanced Fermion Pairing and Superfluidity by an Imaginary Magnetic Field. IScience, 14, 257–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2019.03.031

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