Estimation of the effect of dalfampridine-ER on health utility by mapping the MSWS-12 to the EQ-5D in multiple sclerosis patients

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Trials have not assessed the effect of dalfampridine-extended release (dalfampridine-ER) on health utility. We sought to evaluate the effect of dalfampridine-extended release tablets (dalfampridine-ER; prolonged-release fampridine in Europe) on health utility in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) by mapping subjects' individual item scores from the 12-Item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12) onto the Euroqol 5-Dimension (EQ-5D) health utility index.<br /><br />METHODS: Data from study MS-F203, a randomized trial of dalfampridine-ER tablets, 10 mg twice daily, in patients with MS, were used to calculate the health utility scores with two MSWS-12 to EQ-5D mapping equations (one derived in a North American [NA] registry, the other a United Kingdom [UK] registry). MS-F203 participants were categorized as dalfampridine-ER 20%-responders (achieving >=20% improvement on the Timed 25-Foot Walk), dalfampridine-ER 20%-nonresponders (<20% improvement), or placebo patients. Mean change in health utility scores from baseline to each double-blind treatment evaluation (visits 3-6 occurring at post-randomization weeks 2, 6, 10, and 14) and each off-drug follow-up evaluation (visits 7-8 occurring at weeks 16 and 18) were calculated and reported as effect sizes (ESs).<br /><br />RESULTS: Using the NA-derived equation, dalfampridine-ER 20%-responders demonstrated improvement in health utility vs. placebo; starting at week 6 (mean difference in ES = 0.44, p = 0.002) and maintained at weeks 10 (ES = 0.41, p = 0.01) and 14 (ES = 0.71, p < 0.001). These improvements were no longer evident after dalfampridine-ER was discontinued (p > 0.05 at weeks 16 and 18). Dalfampridine-ER 20%-nonresponders did not show improvement vs. placebo at any visit (p > 0.05 for all). When using the UK-derived equation, improvement was seen in dalfampridine-ER 20%-responders vs. placebo at weeks 2, 6, 10, and 14 (ESs = 0.49, 0.55, 0.59, and 0.99; p < 0.03 for all), but not when dalfampridine-ER was discontinued (weeks 16 and 18; p > 0.05 for both). Dalfampridine-ER 20%-nonresponders showed no improvement at any visit (p > 0.05 for all).<br /><br />CONCLUSION: Regardless of the equation used, dalfampridine-ER response was associated with an improvement in health utility.

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Limone, B. L., Sidovar, M. F., & Coleman, C. I. (2013). Estimation of the effect of dalfampridine-ER on health utility by mapping the MSWS-12 to the EQ-5D in multiple sclerosis patients. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-11-105

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