Ethnic/Race Diversity and Diabetic Kidney Disease

  • Muthuppalaniappan V
  • Yaqoob M
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Ethnicity and race are often used interchangeably in the literature. However, the traditional definition of race and ethnicity is related to biological (bone structure and skin, hair, or eye color) and sociological factors (nationality, regional culture, ancestry, and language) respectively. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a huge global public health problem. As the number of individuals with Type 2 DM grows, the prevalence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), which is one of the most serious complications, is expected to rise sharply. Many ethnic and racial groups have a greater risk of developing DM and its associated macro and micro-vascular complications.




Muthuppalaniappan, V., & Yaqoob, M. (2015). Ethnic/Race Diversity and Diabetic Kidney Disease. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 4(8), 1561–1565.

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