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Basic emotions in the nencki affective word list (NAWL be): New method of classifying emotional stimuli

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The Nencki Affective Word List (NAWL) has recently been introduced as a standardized database of Polish words suitable for studying various aspects of language and emotions. Though the NAWL was originally based on the most commonly used dimensional approach, it is not the only way of studying emotions. Another framework is based on discrete emotional categories. Since the two perspectives are recognized as complementary, the aim of the present study was to supplement the NAWL database by the addition of categories corresponding to basic emotions. Thus, 2902 Polish words from the NAWL were presented to 265 subjects, who were instructed to rate them according to the intensity of each of the five basic emotions: happiness, anger, sadness, fear and disgust. The general characteristics of the present word database, as well as the relationships between the studied variables are shown to be consistent with typical patterns found in previous studies using similar databases for different languages. Here we present the Basic Emotions in the Nencki Affective Word List (NAWL BE) as a database of verbal material suitable for highly controlled experimental research. To make the NAWL more convenient to use, we introduce a comprehensive method of classifying stimuli to basic emotion categories. We discuss the advantages of our method in comparison to other methods of classification. Additionally, we provide an interactive online tool ( to help researchers browse and interactively generate classes of stimuli to meet their specific requirements. Copyright:




Wierzba, M., Riegel, M., Wypych, M., Jednorwóg, K., Turnau, P., Grabowska, A., & Marchewka, A. (2015). Basic emotions in the nencki affective word list (NAWL be): New method of classifying emotional stimuli. PLoS ONE, 10(7).

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