A series of MoO3/Al2O3 catalysts with different amounts (molar ratio of CA/Mo = 0, 1, 1.5, and 2) of citric acid (CA) prepared by simultaneous impregnation were evaluated for sulfur-resistant methanation. Based on the evaluation results, catalytic activity increased accompanied with the rise of citric acid amount. Combine with the analysis of N2-physisorption, XRD, H2-TPR, XPS, and TEM, the catalyst saturated loading capacity improved, resulting in increasing dispersion of Mo species on Al2O3 surface clearly. According to H2-TPR result, the Mo oxide precursors can be more easily sulfureted when citric acid is added. Moreover, based on the Raman analysis, increasingly tetrahedrally coordinated Mo6+ species with high methanation performance are generated after citric acid treatment. These factors probably together accelerate MoO3/Al2O3 catalytic activity growth for methanation.
Meng, D., Wang, B., Yu, W., Wang, W., Li, Z., & Ma, X. (2017). Effect of citric acid on MoO3/Al2O3 catalysts for sulfur-resistant methanation. Catalysts, 7(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/catal7050151