Trend and spatial distribution of infectious diseases in pregnant women in the state of Paraná-Brazil

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Abstract

Objective: to analyze the trend and spatial distribution of some diseases that require compulsory notification in pregnant women. Method: ecological study, with data from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, of the incidence of the six most frequent diseases that, require compulsory notification, in pregnant women. The Prais-Winsten model was used to analyze the trend classified as stable, decreasing and increasing, according to macro-regions. For the spatial analysis, the incidences distributed in percentiles, in choropleth maps, by Health Regions were calculated. Results: the most frequent infections were syphilis, dengue, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, influenza, hepatitis and toxoplasmosis. Incidence increased by 30.8%, 30.4%, 15.4% and 2.6%, on average, for syphilis, toxoplasmosis, dengue and Human Immunodeficiency Virus, respectively. On average, the incidence of syphilis increased by 40.5% in Macro-regional North and 38% in Macro-regional Northwest. The spatial analysis showed, in the last four years, high incidence of dengue, syphilis and infection by Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which reached 180.2, 141.7 and 100.8 cases per 10,000 live births, respectively. Conclusion: there were increased incidences of infection in pregnant women due to syphilis, toxoplasmosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus, with differences in their spatial distribution, indicating that these diseases should be a priority in the care of pregnant women in more affected regions.

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Falavina, L. P., Lentsck, M. H., & Mathias, T. A. de F. (2019). Trend and spatial distribution of infectious diseases in pregnant women in the state of Paraná-Brazil. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 27. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.2838.3160

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