In the present study, a novel breeding strategy of atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutagenesis was used to improve the uridine production of engineered Bacillus sub-tilisTD12np. A high-throughput screening method was established using both resistant plates and 96-well microplates to select the ideal mutants with diverse phenotypes. Mutant F126 accumulated 5.7 and 30.3 g/L uridine after 30 h in shake-flask and 48 h in fed-batch fermentation, respectively, which represented a 4.4- and 8.7-fold increase over the parent strain. Sequence analysis of the pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic operon in the representative mutants showed that proline 1016 and glutamate 949 in the large subunit of B. subtilis carbamoyl phosphate synthetase were of importance for the allosteric regulation caused by uridine 5′-monophosphate. The proposed mutation method with efficient high-throughput screening assay was proved to be an appropriate strategy to obtain uridine-overproducing strain.
Fan, X., Wu, H., Li, G., Yuan, H., Zhang, H., Li, Y., … Chen, N. (2017). Improvement of uridine production of Bacillus subtilis by atmospheric and room temperature plasma mutagenesis and high-throughput screening. PLoS ONE, 12(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176545