Nitrogen-doped 9-cell cavity performance in a test cryomodule for LCLS-II

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The superconducting RF linac for Linac Coherent Light Source-II calls for 1.3 GHz 9-cell cavities with an average intrinsic quality factor Q0 of 2.7 × 1010 at 2.0 K and 16 MV/m accelerating gradient. Two niobium 9 cell cavities, prepared with nitrogen-doping at Fermilab, were assembled into the Cornell Horizontal Test Cryomodule (HTC) to test cavity performance in a cryomodule that is very similar to a full LCLS-II cryomodule. The cavities met LCLS-II specifications with an average quench field of 17 MV/m and an average Q0 of 3 × 1010. The sensitivity of the cavities' residual resistance to ambient magnetic field was determined to be 0.5 nΩ/mG during fast cool down. In two cool downs, a heater attached to one of the cavity beam tubes was used to induce large horizontal temperature gradients. Here, we report on the results of these first tests of nitrogen-doped cavities in a cryomodule, which provide critical information for the LCLS-II project.




Gonnella, D., Eichhorn, R., Furuta, F., Ge, M., Hall, D., Ho, V., … Sergatskov, D. A. (2015). Nitrogen-doped 9-cell cavity performance in a test cryomodule for LCLS-II. Journal of Applied Physics, 117(2).

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