Vibration signal analysis is an important technique for bearing fault diagnosis. For bearings operating under constant rotational speed, faults can be diagnosed in the frequency domain since each type of fault has a specific Fault Characteristic Frequency (FCF), which is proportional to the shaft rotational speed. However, bearings often operate under time-varying speed conditions. Additionally, the measurement of the time-varying rotational speed requires instruments, such as tachometers, which leads to extra cost and installation. With the development of time-frequency analysis, the time-varying FCFs manifest as curves in the Time-Frequency Representation (TFR). It has been shown that extracting multiple time-frequency curves from the TFR and then identifying the Instantaneous Fault Characteristic Frequency (IFCF) and Instantaneous Shaft Rotational Frequency (ISRF), bearing faults can be automatically diagnosed under time-varying speed conditions without using tachometers. However, the existing method used to identify the IFCF and the ISRF may lead to inaccurate results. In this study, the complete MATLAB© codes and a more reliable approach to use Multiple Time-Frequency Curve Extraction (MTFCE) for automatic bearing fault diagnosis under time-varying speed conditions are presented. • A Multiple time-frequency curve extraction (MTFCE) Matlab code is presented to extract multiple curves from the TFR. • Custom Matlab code for automatic bearing fault diagnosis under time-varying speed conditions without using tachometer data via the MTFCE is given and explained. • A new parameter, the allowable variance of the curve-to-curve ratio, is proposed to identify the IFCF and ISRF more reliably.
Huang, H., Baddour, N., & Liang, M. (2019). Multiple time-frequency curve extraction Matlab code and its application to automatic bearing fault diagnosis under time-varying speed conditions. MethodsX, 6, 1415–1432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2019.05.020