In this study we show that murine and human neutrophils are capable of secreting IP-10 in response to communication from the HSV-1 infected cornea and that they do so in a time frame associated with the recruitment of CD8 + T cells and CXCR3-expressing cells. Cellular markers were used to establish that neutrophil influx corresponded in time to peak IP-10 production, and cellular depletion confirmed neutrophils to be a significant source of IP-10 during HSV-1 corneal infection in mice. A novel ex vivo model for human corneal tissue infection with HSV-1 was used to confirm that cells resident in the cornea are also capable of stimulating neutrophils to secrete IP-10. Our results support the hypothesis that neutrophils play a key role in T-cell recruitment and control of viral replication during HSV-1 corneal infection through the production of the T-cell recruiting chemokine IP-10. © 2012 S. J. Molesworth-Kenyon et al.
Molesworth-Kenyon, S. J., Popham, N., Milam, A., Oakes, J. E., & Lausch, R. N. (2012). Resident corneal cells communicate with neutrophils leading to the production of IP-10 during the primary inflammatory response to HSV-1 infection. International Journal of Inflammation, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/810359