Introduction: Early detection of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) outbreak in animals is crucial for controlling this disease in non-endemic areas. Methods: Epidemiological surveillance (2009-2012) was performed in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Results: In 2009, Leishmania cha gasi was positively identifi ed in four dogs. Entomological research and three serological studies (2010-2012) were undertaken as monitoring measures; these approaches revealed a moderate prevalence of Leishmania present in 4% of the canine population. Nyssomyia whitmani and Lutzomyia longipalpis were the predominant species identifi ed. Conclusions: Detection of an AVL outbreak in dogs in an area with an evolving natural landscape containing sand fl ies is crucial for control programs.
von Zuben, A. P. B., Angerami, R. N., Castagna, C., Baldini, M. B. D., & Donalisio, M. R. (2014). The first canine visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in Campinas, State of São paulo Southeastern Brazil. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 47(3), 385–388. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0126-2013