The first canine visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in Campinas, State of São paulo Southeastern Brazil

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Abstract

Introduction: Early detection of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) outbreak in animals is crucial for controlling this disease in non-endemic areas. Methods: Epidemiological surveillance (2009-2012) was performed in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Results: In 2009, Leishmania cha gasi was positively identifi ed in four dogs. Entomological research and three serological studies (2010-2012) were undertaken as monitoring measures; these approaches revealed a moderate prevalence of Leishmania present in 4% of the canine population. Nyssomyia whitmani and Lutzomyia longipalpis were the predominant species identifi ed. Conclusions: Detection of an AVL outbreak in dogs in an area with an evolving natural landscape containing sand fl ies is crucial for control programs.

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von Zuben, A. P. B., Angerami, R. N., Castagna, C., Baldini, M. B. D., & Donalisio, M. R. (2014). The first canine visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in Campinas, State of São paulo Southeastern Brazil. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 47(3), 385–388. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0126-2013

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