Objectives: To evaluate medical trainees' attitudes toward refugee patients in a refugee host country, and to identify educational needs. Methods: A 54-question cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 81 post-graduate medical trainees at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda, in 2016. Descriptive statistics on medical trainees' attitudes and educational needs regarding care for refugees were calculated. One-way ANOVA was used to assess relationships between an attitude scale and respondent characteristics. Reliability and validity of the survey items and attitude scale were assessed using Cronbach's alpha, item-to-scale correlation, and factor analysis. Results: The mean score on the attitude scale of 2.8 (SD=1.7) indicated positive attitudes toward refugees. All respondents had contact with refugees, and 89% (n=72) reported a need for further training. Many specifically indicated the need for training in use of translators, support personnel, and behavioral health. Cronbach's alpha values of greater than 0.7 indicated good internal consistency. Item-to-scale correlation and factor analysis validate the use of an attitude scale. ANOVA showed no significant difference between mean attitude scores in gender (F(1,77)=0.11, p=0.7367), country of origin (F(1.78) =0.53, p=0.8723), or year of study (F(4,74) =0.31, p=0.8273). Conclusions: Medical trainees in Uganda report positive attitudes toward refugees and a need for additional education in refugee care in multiple specific areas. This study piloted the use of an attitude scale for refugee healthcare providers with promising validity and reliability. Use of these questions could inform curriculum development in refugee host countries.
Bapolisi, A., Crabtree, K., Jarolimova, J., Kelly, C., Kentoffio, K., Patel, P., … Batwala, V. (2018). Assessment of attitudes and targeted educational needs for refugee care providers in a Ugandan hospital. International Journal of Medical Education, 9, 221–225. https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.5b64.9630